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    Mumbai (Bombay), India: Converting Waste into Energy is Commercially Viable


    © International Trade Centre, International Trade Forum - Issue 2/2001

    India's Department of Science and Technology, in collaboration with a public-sector unit, initiated a pilot project on Integrated Waste Management (IWM) in Mumbai. A prototype fuel "pelletization" plant was engineered, procured and erected with entirely indigenous inputs.

    The process for producing fuel pellets from municipal waste consists of separating packaging materials that are combustible, such as paper/paperboard, plastics and wood, from the rest of the garbage. The fuel pellets have several advantages over coal: they are clean, have lower ash content and are uniform in size. There is a guaranteed regular supply of the pellets and they are very economical. They also have a good market potential in non-coal-producing zones, since they can be used in fixed grate, fluidized bed and multi-fuel packaged boilers.

    Based on the experience gained during the pilot project operations, the technology for producing fuel pellets from municipal garbage is now being offered commercially.