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  • 2007-2 ISSUES

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  • ISSUE 2/2007

                                                                                                                                                  2-2207 

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  • International Trade Forum - Issue 2/2007, © International Trade Centre Chifles banana chips, Peru Takeo table runner, Cambodia Tsagaan Alt wool coat, Mongolia Peermade Development Society organic pepper, India Related articles: From organic waste to clean energy in India From

    A Peruvian entrepreneur, far from the capital, turns plantain bananas, a low-return commodity, into chips, a high-value export. Finding a training partner in management skills proved the key to moving this Peruvian exporter up the value chain.

    National trade support institutions in eastern and southern Africa met in Nairobi in August 2007 to discuss how they can improve trade integration within Africa.

    From trade policy to project design, listening to the voice of business is the key to making sure that Aid for Trade really boosts exports.

    Targeted programmes help women exporters get the assistance they need.

    A key to transform economies and meet the Millennium Development Goal to end poverty by 2015 is ensuring that trade becomes part of development policy, with a central role for women and small business.

    A Botswana entrepreneur, inspired to make his continent a safer and cleaner place, is using his South-South connections to expand his waste sanitation business.

    Competing and selling: Dance with the Dragon"Our industrial investors, we tell them, learn to dance with the Chinese, the Chinese Dragon, because they export so much. You have to face reality." Enrique Mantilla, President of the Argentinean Chamber of Exporters (CERA)

    Business matchmaking and development advocacy go hand-in-hand for ITC at the latest gathering in Cape Town.

    European importers of organic products meet Ugandan exporters and farmers face to face on ITC's Buyers' Tour.

    International Trade Forum - Issue 2/2007 Related articles: ITC News From ITC Trade Support Network Two Prime Ministers Visit ITC The New ITC: Responding to what countries and clients want ITC Supports 2009 International Colloquium of Women Leaders in Liberia

    Interview - Sambuu DemberelMeet a long-standing partner at the Mongolian National Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

    Oman used ITC's tools for an integrated solution to diversify exports in its oil-fuelled economy.

    Targeting entrepreneurs"Our slogan in the Egyptian Business Women's Association is: financial independence gives you the power of choice and voice. We have a marketing committee that goes to women entrepreneurs to see what products they have and what they need, such as product development, finishing and quality control. We bring them together into sectors - we have a very good sector for garments, textiles and jewellery. And we try to create marketing tools - brochures and CDs - and organize fairs locally, regionally and internationally. If they cannot be present, we make the contacts for them."Amany Asfour, President, Egyptian Business Women's Association

    Changing needs, changing role"Despite favourable trade trends, competition continues to rise, and national trade bodies find themselves at the centre of national effort to ensure that their client enterprises, particularly small firms, become or remain globally competitive. This requires trade promotion organizations (TPOs) to be more proactive, to constantly seek ways of improving their customer relations management, establishing closer and longer-term relationships.

    International Trade Forum - Issue 2/2007, © International Trade Centre The latest information about ITC events and projects: ITC's World Export Development Forum European Buyers Meet Organic Farmers in Uganda World Cup 2010: ITC Supports Tourism Development Kick-Off South African Firms Look to Expa

    In 2009, a major international colloquium on women's leadership will take place in Liberia, convened by President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf of Liberia and President Tarja Halonen of Finland.

    ITC is upgrading its flagship event, the Executive Forum on National Export Strategies, to reflect the leadership position that ITC has achieved in export development and export competitiveness - an area that ITC intends to reinforce and expand.

    International Trade Forum - Issue 2/2007, © International Trade Centre © Photo Bianco Jamaica's Prime Minister, HE Portia Simpson-Miller, visited ITC with a Jamaican delegation on 12 June 2007, the first anniversary of Patricia R. Francis' taking up the post of Executive Director of ITC. They discu

    Romania's national strategy connects regions, towns and villages. The aim is to build a broader base of exporters and a new range of exports that meet demands in new markets, especially in the European Union.

    International Trade Forum - Issue 2/2007, © International Trade Centre Click on the image for a larger version. Nature's riches and skilled craftsmanship are hallmarks of these products from Peru, Cambodia, India and Mongolia. Reflecting a modern branding, they are sold internationally with ITC'

    ProMéxico is the new agency for Mexican trade and investment promotion. It will become operational during 2007, as a countrywide agency attached to the Ministry of Economy. Its governing structure foresees representation from federal, state and local government, along with the private sector. Among the federal agencies in the coordinating committee will be ministries of housing, foreign affairs, social development, environment, agriculture, fisheries and tourism.

    BrandingInvesting in trademarks, geographic indicators of origin and other intellectual property initiatives can help countries add value to a variety of commodities, manufactured goods and services. Brazil is seeking to protect its national drink cachaça by negotiating agreements with the WTO and the European Union on intellectual property rights and national indicators of origin. While only 500,000 litres of cachaça were exported in 1995, 20 million litres were exported to more than 60 countries in 2003 and sales are expected to rise to 38 million litres by 2010. (Source: Brazilian Cachaça Development Program)

    International Trade Forum - Issue 2/2007, © International Trade Centre Business Guide to Trade Remedies in the United States: Anti-dumping, countervailing and safeguards legislation, practices and procedures 226 pages, revised edition . Guide to trade remedy procedures (anti-dumping, countervailin

    Innovative approaches to reduce poverty through trade are bringing business, NGOs, government and aid agencies together in new ways.

    In its post-war efforts to revitalize exports, Sierra Leone has set up a new trade promotion authority, the Sierra Leone Investment and Export Promotion Agency.

    The latest annual meeting of UN buyers allowed South African firms to make new business contacts, building on an ITC partnership with South Africa's Department of Trade and Industry.

    Reducing intra-regional barriersRecent research by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development shows that the potential benefit from freer South-South trade may indeed be at least as large as the gains that developing countries can obtain from better access to rich countries' markets (North-South trade). Intra-regional trade agreements in Latin America and the Caribbean, such as MERCOSUR or CARICOM, are fostering trade between neighbouring countries. For example, over the last 30 years, internal trade in the Andean common market grew five times faster than trade with outside partners. (Source: Oxfam)

    Joint solutions"Some countries that participated in the Integrated Framework have told us, we have already been studied enough: now we need solutions. Part of the homework we need to do with ITC immediately is taking those diagnoses and seeing how we build programmes now to deliver services to countries."Kandeh K. Yumkella, Director-General, UNIDO

    International Trade Forum - Issue 2/2007, © International Trade Centre © Photo Bianco Swaziland's Prime Minister, HE Absalom Themba Dlamini, and officials from Swaziland's Mission to the United Nations Office in Geneva met with ITC's management in May 2007 to discuss ITC's work in the region an

    September marks the midway point in a worldwide effort to "Make Poverty History" - the aim of the Millennium Development Goals, the UN-led initiative to reduce poverty by 2015. We need to step up the pace to meet these goals. Building the capacity to trade in competitive international markets can make a difference.ITC has been listening to its networks over the past year to understand the challenges, and find innovative solutions, to create sustainable jobs through trade. Articles below capture a range of these views, successes and concerns.

    ITC's roadmap for the future emerged during the most recent meeting of its Joint Advisory Group, held in April this year. The aim is to move ITC from having strong products to delivering strategic solutions for its clients. Products and programmes are being reorganized to provide comprehensive solutions to clients. ITC aims to work in partnership with a range of agencies, addressing issues of poverty, ethical markets and social responsibility. Coherence among development providers at country level is critical. ITC will take a more integrated approach to designing and delivering assistance, through strategic partnerships.

    New guides on tariffs, food safety and quality management to help exporting small firms boost their international competitiveness.

    International Trade Forum - Issue 2/2007, © International Trade Centre Jamaican Prime Minister at ITC Swaziland's Prime Minister Visits ITC Related articles: ITC News From ITC Trade Support Network From ITC Trade Support Network The New ITC: Responding to what countries and clients

    While many non-governmental organizations (NGOs) work in humanitarian relief, health or education, they also have a growing role in trade development. As trade programmes address a wider range of development issues - from women to the environment and poor communities - it makes sense to involve NGOs with expertise in these areas. These articles offer answers to how "traditional" trade development players can work with NGOs more effectively.

    Poor communities can benefit from the opportunity to trade with richer markets. This collection profiles sectors with povertyreducing potential. It also examines strategic issues such as South-South trade and the roles of women entrepreneurs, big business and international organizations in reducing poverty through trade.

    For successful trade defence, business and government need a shared system and understanding. ITC worked with the newest WTO member to set up the foundations.

    Officials, tourist industry leaders and community organizations from South Africa's Eastern Cape province met in Port Elizabeth in June to ensure the region uses the 2010 FIFA World Cup to create a solid basis for reducing poverty, through a lasting boom in tourism.