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  • 2002-3 ISSUES

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  • ISSUE 3/2002

                                                                                                                                                      3_2002 

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  • Since Seattle, the business community has shown remarkable growth in becoming better informed about the evolving multilateral trading system. This article traces the path of business dialogue with government, moving from consultation to participation to advocacy.

    Businesses in developing countries, not just developed ones, have been able to advocate successfully to improve their competitive position in international markets. This article provides real-life examples and a road map to help businesses shape effective advocacy strategies.

    © International Trade Centre, International Trade Forum - Issue 3/2002 Business Guide to the World Trading System (ITC, 1999) Business Guide to the General Agreement on Trade in Services (ITC, 2002) International marketing and the trading system (ITC, 2001) International Trade Rules: An answer book on t

    Business advocacy on trade - supported by a broadly-based network of business sectors - can raise the level of ambition and achievement in the world trading system.

    Advocacy for trade development - why, how, when, with whom - is the underlying theme of this issue of Trade Forum, which explores how business can benefit from the Doha Development Agenda.

    The second, ongoing round of negotiations for the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) puts exporters around the world in a position to help shape the future of this important sector. However, many service exporters and industry associations do not know where to begin. This article draws on ITC's GATS Consultation Kit to explain why and how service industry associations should communicate with their policy-makers.

    © International Trade Centre, International Trade Forum - Issue 3/2002 ITC produces a variety of international trade bulletins which complement ITC's books and technical papers. To subscribe, contact the relevant sections of ITC listed below. Market News Service . Price and market information for nine prim

    Successful negotiations for the Doha Development Agenda depend, to a large degree, on the quality of collaboration between national trade negotiators and political leaders, on the one hand, and business leaders, on the other. In its absence, national trade negotiating strategies cannot serve the business interests of a country. ITC has programmes to help business play its part effectively.

    © International Trade Centre, International Trade Forum - Issue 3/2002 Contractual agreements in the publishing and printing industry: A practical guide. 112 pages . Guide to contractual agreements intended for publishers making agreements internationally with other publishers - provides a range of model agr

    © International Trade Centre, International Trade Forum - Issue 3/2002 World markets for organic fruit and vegetables: Opportunities for developing countries in the production and export of organic horticultural products. 312 pages (Technical Paper) . The publication presents the recent findings of a joint F

    WTO's new Director-General addresses ITC's Executive Forum on National Export Strategies.

    What are the main concerns of the business community in developing and transition economies in preparing for current WTO negotiations? How are they making their interests known?Trade Forum asked members of ITC networks for

    Trade and industry associations, Ministries of trade, Trade promotion organizations, Trade service suppliers, Donors, We hope that you have found the information in this issue of Trade Forum useful - and if so, that you will help us to spread the word even further. If your organization has a magazine or web site, we invite you to reproduce, translate or match the articles in Trade Forum with similar articles of your own, and issue them nationally or regionally. Alternatively, if you are aware of business publications that would be interested in reprinting articles, we would be delighted to have them do so.

    Barriers to international commerce - particularly technical regulations and sanitary and phytosanitary measures - are a key concern of developing countries. A joint ITC/Commonwealth Secretariat study uncovers what's on the minds of exporters, government and standards experts in six developing countries.

    The Doha Ministerial Declaration places technical cooperation and capacity building at the core of the development dimension of the multilateral trading system. The Declaration reaffirms support for ITC's work and recommends that it be enhanced. This article provides a summary of ITC's programmes, tools and working methods that support the objectives of the Doha Ministerial Declaration.

    After the World Trade Organization's Fourth Ministerial Conference held in Doha, Qatar in November 2001, delegations in Geneva worked immediately to set in place the machinery for the new trade negotiations. They had no time to lose as ministers have set a three-year deadline - up to 1 January 2005 - to complete the Doha Development Agenda.

    "We are in the midst of an unprecedented global trade negotiation, the Doha Development Agenda... Trade agreements must be usable and pragmatic... In trade talks, it pays to have the private sector involved right from the beginning."Dr Supachai Panitchpakdi, Director-General, WTO

    While liberalization has opened up world trade to freer competition, there have recently been more national measures blocking market access on the grounds of unfair pricing by exporters. Products such as steel, iron and chemicals from developing countries and transition economies have been increasingly subject to such measures - known as "trade remedy actions". There is a system within WTO to stop governments from abusing these actions, but in any case the consequences are serious for an exporter or a country subjected to such measures. As this article points out, even being charged with dumping carries a heavy penalty in the effort required to set the record straight. So exporters should take care to avoid creating grounds for such actions.

    WTO rules are increasingly being adapted as national trade laws. Businesses can help shape the rules as they develop - if they are committed to dialogue. Below, ITC answers some frequent questions it receives on the subject.